The Bodong tradition refers to a teaching tradition based at Bodon E monastery. Its unique Lamdre tradition was later absorbed by the Sakya, but the monastery has maintained its independent institutional identity.
Bon is the indigenous religion of the Himalayan region, a tradition that has adopted many Buddhist elements but which has maintained its doctrinal and institutional independence.
The Geluk tradition traces its origin to Tsongkhapa, who propagated a modified version of the Kadampa Lojong and Lamrim teachings. It is the dominant tradition of Tibet, having established its control of the government under the figure of the Dalai Lama.
The Jonang tradition was established by Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, a 13th century Sakya monk famous for his shentong teachings. The Jonang teachings and monasteries were suppressed in Tibet in the 17th century but survived in Amdo.
The Kadam tradition, which traces its origin to the teachings of Atisha, was the first of the so-called New Schools of Tibetan Buddhism, traditions which arose during or after the Second Propagation of Buddhism after the 10th century.
Marpa Kagyu (157)
The Marpa Kagyu traces its origin to the 11th century translator Marpa and his famous disciple Milarepa. It split into 12 sub-traditions, the best known being the Karma Kamtsang, the Drikung, and the Drukpa.
The Nyingma is the oldest tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, tracing its origin to Padmasambhava, who is said to have visited Tibet in the 8th century, and who is said to have hidden teachings -- known as treasures -- in the landscape of Tibet for future revelation.
Orgyen Nyendrub (3)
The Orgyen Nyendrub tradition originated in the 13th century with Orgyenpa Rinchen Pal, who traveled twice to India in search of new Buddhist teachings.
Ra Luk (8)
The Ra tradition of Vajrabhairava was propagated by Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drakpa in the 11th century and was subsequently absorbed into most other traditions.
The Sakya tradition developed in the 11th century in the Khon family of Tsang, which maintained an Imperial-era lineage of Vajrakila and which adopted a new teaching from India known as Lamdre.
Shangpa Kagyu (9)
The Shangpa Kagyu tradition was established in the 11th century by Khyungpo Naljor, who received Mahamudra teachings in India from Niguma, and who established the monastery of Shang Shang Dorje Den in Tsang.
Zhije and Chod (41)
The Zhije and Cho traditions originated with the teachings of Padampa Sanggye and Machik Labdron, and have been absorbed by almost all traditions of Tibetan religion.