The Treasury of Lives

A Biographical Encyclopedia of Tibet, Inner Asia, and the Himalaya

Most Recent Biographies

Browse Most Recent

Go Khukpa Lhetse

b.early 11th cent. - d.late 11th cent.
TBRC P3458

Go Khukpa Lhetse was one of the most important translators and scholars of the early Tibetan renaissance. A teacher of Khon Konchok Gyeltsen, he went three times to India to study Guhyasamāja.


Norzang Gyatso was an early master of the Geluk Lamrim teachings. The author of several famous books on diverse topics, including Mahāmudrā and Kālacakra, he was a teacher of the Second Dalai Lama.

Taktsang Lotsāwa Sherab Rinchen was a polymath scholar-monk of the Sakya tradition. Active during a great period of classical scholarship and translation, he was a prolific commentator on a wide range of topics, with special focus on medicine, poetry, Vinaya, and Kālacakra. He is said to have had an encyclopedic knowledge of not only the five topics of monastic study -- Vinaya, Abhidharma, Pramāṇa, Madhyamaka, and Prajñāparamitā -- but also the five major fields of traditional learning -- grammar, art, medicine, logic, and the inner science. However, he is perhaps best known for his critique of Tsongkhapa's interpretation of Madhyamaka in his philosophical treatise, Knowing All Philosophical Systems, which generated centuries of often polemical Geluk-Sakyapa debate.

Yungdrung Puntsok

b.late 18th cent. - d.mid 19th cent.
TBRC P7883

Drubwang Yungdrung Puntsok was the twenty-eighth holder of the Atri lineage of Bon Dzogchen. A native of the Derge region of Kham, he was primarily based at Tarde Hermitage, where he briefly taught Jamgon Kongtrul

The tenure of the Eighth Dalai Lama, Jampel Gyatso, was a tumultuous era in the Himalayan region, filled with battles and intrigues. This period saw the emergence of the first contacts between Tibet and the British, and the Manchurian representatives of the Qing Empire also managed to enhance its position in Tibet when it was called upon to eject the invading Gurkhas. The Eighth Dalai Lama was an active leader in the midst of all of this, despite being disinclined to rule.